Expressing Actions from the Past
By Margaret Perkins, MA CCC-SLP, ATP
Expected Outcome: The person will correctly use the past tense regular -ed form in sentences.
Purpose: To increase use of the past tense regular form -ed.
* additional verbs can be added as needed
Target Language Skill: Using regular past tense to indicate a past action, activity or perception.
1. The person will use a regular past tense phase to indicate an action that happened in the past, for example, "I played with my friend".
2. The person will use a regular past tense phase to indicate a past perception, for example, "I liked that song" or "I loved that song" to indicate a past feeling.
1. Model an action followed by a verbal model using the pronoun "I" followed by a past tense regular verb. For example model the action of walking as you head for the door, stop and model "I walked".
2. Show a photo of an activity that you were engaged in while modeling a phrase that demonstrates how you felt in the past "I loved swimming" or "I hated going on that ride". Follow up asking a question about a specific past tense activity that the individual was engaged in "Tell me how you felt about your trip".
1. Present shared background knowledge to the individual regarding activities that happened in the past. Some examples: "We went on a field trip yesterday and did lots of things, we looked at animals, played a fun game and did lots more". Explain that in this story Lola the Lion will be telling about her day.
2. Present purpose of the story that will be read to the child so they have knowledge of what to listen for. For example, "we are reading a story about a lion named Lola, we will learn about all the things she did." Then instruct the individual to listen to the story so that they can tell what Lola did.
3. Download the teaching materials at the end of this lesson. Read the story. Focus on the past tense verbs.
4. Reread the story together. Wait for the individual to read out loud the past tense verbs.
5. If he/she has difficulty producing a past tense verb you may model a sentence. Allow the individual to try again..
1. Connect the device to a computer with a USB cable or Blue Tooth module. Let the person practice writing the target words into a word document.
2. Read the story again, and have the person write target phrase on the computer.
3. Use this book as a template for the person to write their own story using their favorite animal, photos of classmates or themselves.
4. Talk about past experiences that the person may have had. Ask the person to write a story about what he or she did as well as how they felt about their experiences.
1. Model using past tense verbs during "teachable moments". For example after you complete an activity state what action or activity had just occurred and how you felt about it, for example "I played with my dog", "I liked it".
2. Use favorite toy activities such as fisher price animals and a barn to elicit phrases after an action or activity such as "my horse walked down the road", "what did your horse do?"
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